Adolphe Ferrière Swiss educator linked to the New School Movement, usually considered as one of its creators and one of its theoretical references.
Ferrière starts with a critique of traditional education, made of moral norms through the process of repetition and memorization, defending the freedom to look for relevant questions and to develop reflective thinking about them. Centered on the human being, the pedagogical proposal starts from the exploration of the lived environment to reflect on it. The method seeks to develop awareness of freedom, believing that through school work students, under the supervision of the teacher, progressively achieve autonomy, discipline and work habits.
In 1899 he creates the Bureau International d’Education Nouvelle (1899) and, together with Pierre Bovet and Edouard Claparède, of the Institut Jean Jacques Rousseau (1912). In 1915 publishes the 30 point of the “New Education”.
The proposed educational model is based on the assumption that education must develop the potential of childhood in an environment of freedom. The New or Active School is founded on respect for the child’s interest and developmental needs, and aims to build trust and authenticity in their involvement in educational action.
The New Teacher should have the role of knowing how to observe children, understand their development, develop autonomy and responsibility for each child to develop at their own pace.