Manuel Zapata Olivella was a Colombian anthropologist, writer and doctor, born in Cartagen de Las Indias, Colombia. She is the brother of Delia Zapata Olivella, a Colombian dancer and folklorist. [He studied medicine at the National University of Colombia in Bogota.
Later I work in Mexico City, at Dr. Ramírez’s Psychiatric Sanatorium and later at Alfonso Ortiz Thrown Orthopedic Hospital. Driven by American culture, he travels to the United States, where he suffers racial discrimination, working on the black issue in Colombia. . It addresses in several novels the history of the culture of the Caraibe inhabitants of Colombia, especially the experience of blacks and indigenous people.
He publishes the novel Changó, el Gran Putas in 1983), an extensive work that proposes itself as the epic of the African diaspora, narrating its origins in Africa, the stories of the quilombolas in Cartagena and the independence of Haiti until the struggle against segregation in the states comes. United.
His novel En Chimá nace un santo (1964) was a finalist in two contests, Esso of 1963, where he was defeated by Gabriel García Márquez’s La Mal Hora and the Short Romance Award Seix Barral, whose first place went to La ciudad y los perros, by Mario Vargas Llosa. His works deal primarily with oppression and violence. In his long career as a narrator one can distinguish two tendencies, one of a realistic character and social denunciation and another of a mythological character in which the magical vision of the Negro is imprinted.
He is considered one of the pioneers of the decolonial theory in the Caribbean.