Plato, an ancient Greek philosopher, developed the idea of Paideia (παιδεία), which is usually referred to as the basis of the Greek education system. Paideia refers to raising children, and their interpretation is not consensual.
Paideia’s idea includes the idea of human transformation through adult-oriented activities. Normally the activity included Gymnastics, Grammar, Rhetoric, Music and Dance, Mathematics, Geography, Natural History and Philosophy, aiming to create a citizen capable of developing an active role in polis (society).
Each of the subjects, which were exercised in their own places (gymnasium, gymnasium, high school) were presided over by a muse. One of Paideia’s objectives was the appropriation of the uses and customs of the polis and its reproduction in the young. In Paideia, orality and movement have a very demanding communication board, involving memorization and recitation.
Often the results of Paideia were also presented to the polis, in recitations, using traditional stories of playful character as works. In our time the idea of Paideia may correspond to the idea of culture, although it has often been used as a synonym for youth education.
Paideia’s idea is relevant to project pedagogy as it develops the includes the performative and artistic components as an expression of integral formation, as well as develops the role of individuals in society.